UN-backed report pressures companies to reduce their environmental impact
Three thousand of the world’s largest companies were responsible for $2.15 trillion worth of environmental damage in 2008 while the total damage to the environment caused by human activity represented a value of $6.6 trillion (equivalent to 11% 0f global GDP).
Those global costs are 20% larger than the $ 5.4 trillion decline in the value of pension funds in developed countries caused by the global financial crisis in 2007/8.
Workers and retirees could see lower pension payments from funds invested in companies exposed to environmental costs, added the study, which was conducted by Trucost, the global environmental research company.
Richard Mattison, Chief Operating Officer, Trucost, said: “Large companies and investors are exposed to significant environmental costs. These costs are largely linked to greenhouse gas emissions, water use, air pollution and unsustainable resource use that continue to threaten our finite stock of natural capital and prospects for sustainable growth.”
The study projects that the monetary value of annual environmental damage from water and air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, general waste and depleted resources could reach $28.6 trillion in 2050; but this figure could be 23% lower if clean and resource-efficient technologies are introduced, it said.
The study called on investors to pressure companies to reduce their environmental footprint by requesting regular information on how they are addressing exposure to environmental risk.