Following the Erica and Prestige disasters the EU introduced new legislation through the Directive 2001/106/EC, which came into effect on 22 July 2003.
The directive introduced the concept of Mandatory Expanded Inspections (MEI’s) on “high risk ships."
The directive requires that high-risk ships must have a mandatory expanded inspection carried out by an EU member of the Paris MOU region every 12 months.
- Oil tankers over 15 years of age and over 3000 GT;
- Gas and chemical tankers over 10 years of age;
- Bulk Carriers over 12 years of age;
- Passenger ships over 15 years of age (excluding those covered by the Ferry Directive, 1999/35/EC).
The age of the ship is determined on the basis of the keel-laying date, indicated in the ship's safety certificates.