The types of illegal recruitment under the Labor Code are the following:
1. Simple illegal recruitment
2. Illegal recruitment considered as an offense involving economic sabotage which can be further classified to:
a. Illegal recruitment committed by a syndicate;
b. Illegal recruitment committed in a large scale.
Simple illegal recruitment or illegal recruitment covers any recruitment activity by non-licenses or non-holders of authority. It includes the commission of prohibited practices by licenses or holders of authority.
Illegal recruitment when committed by a syndicate or in large scale shall be considered an offense involving economic sabotage. Illegal recruitment is committed by a syndicate when it is committed by a group of three (3) or more persons conspiring or confederating with one another. Illegal recruitment is committed in a large scale if committed against three (3) or more persons.
Source: Labor Code of the Philippines
By: Gem Mayo